[IRP] FW: [governance] Techdirt: Brazil drafts an anti-ACTA civil rights framework

michael gurstein gurstein
Wed Oct 5 23:07:23 EEST 2011

Bravo Brazil!
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From: governance at lists.cpsr.org [mailto:governance at lists.cpsr.org] On Behalf
Of Marilia Maciel
Sent: Wednesday, October 05, 2011 12:57 PM
To: governance at lists.cpsr.org
Subject: [governance] Techdirt: Brazil drafts an anti-ACTA civil rights

Brazil Drafts An 'Anti-ACTA': A Civil Rights-Based Framework For The

from the who's-leader-of-the-*free*-world-now? dept

One of the striking features of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement is
that it is mainly being signed
stralia-others-to-sign-acta-this-weekend-despite-legal-concerns.shtml> by
Western/?developed? countries ? with a few token players from other parts of
the world to provide a fig-leaf of nominal inclusiveness. That's no
accident: ACTA is the last-gasp attempt of the US and the EU to preserve
their intellectual monopolies ? copyright and patents, particularly drug
patents ? in a world where both are increasingly questioned.

Much of the challenge to the old order is coming from the BRICS group of
emerging countries ? Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa ? none of
which has been involved in ACTA. Of those, the one in the vanguard of
adopting innovative approaches to making knowledge widely accessible in the
Internet age is Brazil.

For example, the
e-brazilian-model-of-public-software/index.htm> federal government has
actively supported open source software by creating a Public Software
Portal. The country has also been at the forefront of open content
<http://www.openbusiness.cc/brazil/> use: just this week, the
<http://rea.net.br/2011/10/03/decreto-sobre-rea-em-vigor-em-sao-paulo/> city
of S?o Paulo specified that all educational materials produced for it must
be released under the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-SA license.

It's true that there have also been some mixed signals recently, notably the
nalize-ripping-cd.shtml> re-surfacing of the punitive ?cybercrime bill?,
which Techdirt reported on a couple of months ago. But here's some positive
news coming out of the country, in the shape of a draft of a bill for a
civil rights-based  <http://infojustice.org/archives/5684> framework for the

The draft bill proposition for a Civil Right?s Based Framework for Internet
in Brazil has just reached Congress. The English translation of this version
is available here
l-Ingle%CC%82s-pm.pdf> .

It is the result of an initiative from the Brazilian Ministry of Justice, in
partnership with the Center for Technology and Society of the Getulio Vargas
Foundation (CTS/FGV), to develop a collaborative online/offline consultation
process in which all the actors from Brazilian society could identify
together the rights and responsibilities that should guide the use of the
Internet in Brazil. The process, which resulted in a Bill of Law, is an
example of the importance and the great potential of multistakeholder
involvement on policy-making.

NGOs, universities, internet service providers (collectively though
associations, as well as individually), business companies, law firms, law
enforcement agencies, individuals, Brazilian Embassies from all over the
world, and many other participants have joined the online public hearing.
The participation of several stakeholder groups has promoted the diversity
of opinions and the availability of high quality information and expert
advise, which have helped the government to draft a balanced bill. The
openness and transparency of the process, entirely conducted online, in the
public eye, has improved the legitimacy of the bill. Marco Civil was
introduced in Congress with the political weight and the legitimacy that the
Bill would be expected to have after a complex multistakeholder discussion.

Among its fundamental principles:

I ? safeguarding freedom of speech, communication, and manifestation of
thought, in the terms of the Constitution;

II ? the protection of privacy;

III ? the protection of personal data, in accordance to the law;

IV ? the preservation and safeguarding of net neutrality, in compliance with
further regulation;

And this is *real* net neutrality, not the compromised
ving-net-neutrality-rules-that-att-wants.shtml> US kind:

Article 9. The party responsible for the transmission, switching or routing
of data has the obligation of granting equal treatment to every data
package, with no distinction by content, origin and destination, service,
terminal or application; any traffic discrimination or degradation that does
not arise out of the technical requirements necessary to the adequate
provision of services is prohibited, in accordance to further regulation.

It also comes out strongly in favor of guaranteeing access to the Internet,
respect for personal privacy online, and against any kind of ?three strikes?
laws cutting off users for alleged copyright infringement:

Article 7. Access to the Internet is essential for the exercise of
citizenship, and the following rights are secured to its users:

I ? the non-violation and secrecy of communications on the Internet, except
under judicial order, in the hypotheses and form established by law, for
criminal investigations or the gathering of evidence for criminal

II ? the non suspension of Internet connections, except for debts directly
related to their use;

It has plenty to say on the vexed issue of keeping users' access logs,

Article 10. The storage and disclosure of the connection logs and Internet
application access logs regulated by this law must preserve intimacy,
private life, the reputation and image of the parties directly or indirectly

?1 The Internet service provider responsible for the storage of logs will
only be constrained to disclose the information that allows the
identification of the user under a judicial order

Nor is ISP liability overlooked:

Article 14. Internet connection providers shall not be responsible for
damage arising from content generated by third parties.

Article 15. Except otherwise established by law, Internet application
providers can only be responsible for the damages caused by content
generated by third parties if, after receiving a specific judicial order,
they do not take action to, in the context of their services and under the
established time frame, make unavailable the infringing content.

And the crucial issue of judicial requests for logs is also spelled out in

Article 17. Interested parties may, for the purpose of gathering evidence in
civil and criminal proceedings, of either accidental or autonomous nature,
request a judge to order the party responsible for storing Internet service
access logs, or connection logs, to disclose these logs.

Sole Paragraph. Without prejudice of other legal requirements, the
application shall contain, under penalty of not being admissible:

I ? solid evidence of the occurrence of an illegal act;

II ? a motivated justification for the utility of accessing the requested
logs, for the purposes of investigation or the gathering of evidence;

III - the period that the logs refer to.

Article 18. It is the obligation of judges to take the measures necessary to
guarantee the secrecy of the information received, and the preservation of
the intimacy, private life, honor and image of Internet users. Judges are
capable, for that purpose, to constitute the information as secret,
including with respect to requests for the storage of logs.

All-in-all, it's a remarkable document, forming in effect an "anti-ACTA"
that guarantees many of the protections for Internet users that ACTA seeks
to eradicate, and forbids repressive measures that ACTA aims to introduce.

However, two big questions hang over the draft. First, whether it will be
passed by the Brazilian Congress in its present form (or at all), and,
second, how it can be squared with the harsh penalties proposed in the
?cybercrime? bill mentioned above if that too comes into force. But whatever
happens, Brazil has already shown leadership by drafting a bill that dares
to question and oppose the copyright maximalist orthodoxies underlying ACTA
? something signally lacking in other countries.

Follow me @glynmoody on Twitter <http://twitter.com/glynmoody>  or identi.ca
<http://identi.ca/glynmoody> , and on Google+

Centro de Tecnologia e Sociedade
FGV Direito Rio

Center for Technology and Society
Getulio Vargas Foundation
Rio de Janeiro - Brazil

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